- With FTP, you upload / edit replace software files manually. If you edit a file, and later upgrade your site, you will lose your customization.
- With Git, each software file is tracked, including any edits to the files. And thus, your changes are merged into the update.
Context: you are taking over a Tiki site that was installed by FTP, and you now want to use Git for easy future upgrades. You may also have some modified files, and via FTP, it's time-consuming to manage this.
In this example we will turn an FTP tiki 20.x instance (which is tagged as such in Git) managed by Git.
We assume you are familiar with Get code.
- website: http://tikiconvert.docker/
- document root: /var/www/virtual/tikiconvert.docker/html
1. Create a folder to place your backups
cd /var/www/virtual/tikiconvert.docker/ mkdir backup
2. Backup your database
eval $(sed -n '/^\$/s/^\$//p' html/db/local.php) mysqldump -u$user_tiki \ -p$pass_tiki \ -h$host_tiki $dbs_tiki \ | gzip > backup/$dbversion_tiki.sql.gz
3. Backup your current folder
tar -czvf backup/html.tar.gz html
git clone email@example.com:tikiwiki/tiki.git -b 20.x newinstall
To reduce disk space, you can add the following parameter to the command above (before newinstall):
--depth 1 --no-single-branch
If you have a specific version like for example 20.0
git checkout tags/20.0
If you're experiencing issues in git clone, you can use
https://gitlab.com/tikiwiki/tiki.git instead of
Now copy your old site over the new install, if there are any modified or new files, they will override the ones of your checkout (the working copy but not the reference files in .git/ folders).
cp -a html/. newinstall/
git status newinstall git diff newinstall
If Git shows modified files, you should solve that before continuing.
If you are experiencing problems with files permissions you can disable git from checking permissions.
git config core.fileMode false
cd /var/www/virtual/tikiconvert.docker mv html old && mv newinstall html
Browse your website and check features you use are ok, after that remove
old folder, but stick with your backup!
rm -Rf old