Some other systems like Drupal, Joomla! and WordPress have a small "core" and you add functionality through some of the thousands of modules/extensions/plugins/add-ons. On the other hand, in Tiki, pretty much all the functionality is offered in the "core". Please read about the Tiki model. There is a mods system for functionality outside the core but it is the exception (mods are for rarely used things).
A recurring concern about Tiki is the perceived lack of modularity. But should you be concerned?
There are various schools of thought about modularity. It is not a silver bullet.
Source: Modular Design and the Development of Complex Artifacts: Lessons from Free/Open Source Software (2005) by A. Narduzzo & A. Rossi
Source: Modular Design and the Development of Complex Artifacts: Lessons from Free/Open Source Software (2003) (which has more info than the 2005 paper: 39 pages vs 10 pages)
"There is, by and large, only one code base at Google. This has many advantages. Most obvious is that it is really easy to look at and contribute to code in other projects without having to talk to anyone, get special permissions or fill out forms in triplicate. That is just the tip of the iceberg, though. Having one codebase means that there is a very high degree of code sharing."
Modularity should not be a goal in itself.
The goals are:
- Code re-use to avoid duplication and provide easier maintenance and more functionality
- Better performance (ex.: only load what you need in memory)
- Consistency (to be able to change the look & feel or behavior throughout the application)
- Make it easier for devs to learn the system, and add/extend functionality without having to understand the whole system
- Make it easier for developers to work on various parts of the system without interfering with others
- Make it easier to test
- Coping with complexity
- Reduce disk space
Sometimes, too much modularity can cause that there is in fact more code duplication. When you have 3000 third party add-ons, there will be duplicate functionality because developers won't know everything that is available in the other 3000 add-ons. And even if they know, they may not want to re-use the code from the other module and have it as a dependency.
For a developer, modularity is great when what you need to do so happens to be planned that way. But what about if you want to change a behavior that was not planned that way? You may end having to change a lot of the core code anyway.
So, as with many things, while putting everything in black or white would be reassuring and simple, the reality is that there are many shades of grey and it's important find the delicate balance. The answer to the question is "it depends".
|Is Tiki modular from|
|a coding point of view?||Pretty much (depends where) and it evolves over time as code is refactored. Tiki has community coding in mind. Please read Hello World (Introduction)|
|a Tiki admin point of view||Yes. All the features can be turned on or off. And you can use and participate to http://profiles.tiki.org, which are collections of settings.|
|a packaging point of view||No. This is a choice. Many web apps will make you download a "core" which offers basic functionality. And then, you must download modules/extension/plugins/add-ons/languages separately. In Tiki, it's all in one nice package and you decide what you activate. More on this topic: The Tiki model|
See also: Coping with Complexity