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Tiki Suite

Going beyond Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Server, Web, Desktop and Mobile suite

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Tiki Suite

Tiki Suite is a selection of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) server, web, mobile and desktop apps with a concerted effort for greater interoperability and security, which is aimed at small & medium-sized organizations. The Tiki Suite is especially suited to decentralized and knowledge-centric organizations and offers the features that what 80% of the people use 80% of the time (collaboration, office productivity, publishing, etc.). Features include: Email + Wiki + CMS + Groupware + Commerce + Accounting + Document Management + CRM + Web conferencing + Desktop sharing + PBX VOIP Telephony + Instant messaging & presence + Video management + E-learning, etc.

Intro


Think of an organization you know of with a staff of 10 to 100

  • When will 80% of them be using just Web Applications 80% of the time?
  • When does the main unit of information becomes a web page instead of a file?
  • Now? 1 year? 2 years? 5 years 10 years? Never?


"Skate to where the puck will be" --Wayne Gretzky

Why the name?

  • It's a suite of applications around Tiki
  • Suite means "next step" in French, so "next step for Tiki"
  • But what is Tiki?


Software made the Wiki Way

Like Wikipedia but to build a web application instead of knowledge
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Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware

  • Tightly Integrated Knowledge Infrastructure
  • Combination CMS + Wiki + Groupware + a lot more!
  • Free and Open Source (LGPL)
  • 250+ code committers since 2002. "This is one of the largest open-source teams in the world, and is in the top 2% of all project teams on Ohloh."
  • 4x faster release schedule (every 6 months) than comparable apps (Drupal, Joomla!, Plone, based on last 3 years)
  • 1 000 000+ downloads so far
  • Translated into 40+ languages
  • 1200+ pages of documentation
  • Runs on standard PHP/MySQL making web hosting easy and inexpensive
  • Over a million lines of code (including half from 3rd party libraries such as jQuery, Smarty and Zend Framework)
  • A new code commit every two hours
  • But mostly...

Hundreds of built-in features


Action log Alert Articles & Submissions Backlinks Backup Banner Blog Bookmark Browser Compatibility Cache Calendar Category Charts Chat Comment Communication Center Compression (gzip) Contact Address book Contact us Content template Contribution Cookie Copyright Custom Home (and Group Home Page) Date and Time Debugger Console Directory (of hyperlinks) Documentation (Help System) DogFood Drawing Dynamic Content Dynamic Variable External Authentication FAQ Featured links File Gallery Forum Friendship Network (Community) Game Gmap Google maps Group Help System Hotword HTML Page i18n (Multilingual, l10n, Babelfish) Image Gallery Install Integrator Interaction Inter-User Messages InterTiki Karma Live Support Login Lost edit protection Mail-in Maps Menu Meta Tag Mobile Module Multimedia MultiTiki MyTiki Newsletter Newsreader Notepad OS independence (Non-Linux, Windows/IIS, Mac, BSD) PDF Performance Speed / Load Permission Poll Profile Manager Quicktags Quiz Rating Registration RSS Score Search Engine Friendly Search Security Semantic links Shadowbox Shoutbox Site Identity Slideshow Smarty Template Smiley Spam protection (Antibot CATPCHA) Spreadsheet Stats Survey System log Tags Task Tell a Friend + Social Bookmarking TikiTests Theme Trackers TRIM User Administration User Files User Menu Watch WebHelp Webmail Wiki 3D Wiki History, page rename, etc Wiki plugins extends basic syntax Wiki syntax text area, parser, etc Wiki structure (book and table of content) Workflow, WYSIWYCA WYSIWYG XMLRPC

Over 1200 settings/options in the admin panel!

The Open Source Web application with the most built-in features. There are so many, we had to add a search engine!

Other popular apps have a different model: small core + loads of functionality in 3rd party add-ons.


But...

  • No hunting around to find the best 3rd party module
  • No needing to re-install 3rd party modules at every upgrade, hoping they all still work!
  • Because, in Tiki, everything is built-in and developers collaborate on and extend features, instead of just cooperating around a core (when they are not just outright competing...). And upgrades are easy!
  • Do you have two wiki pages for the same thing? No. Why would it be so for features?
  • More later about the model, let's describe some features!

Permissions & groups

  • Users can be in any number of groups
  • Groups can be included in groups
  • Registration system
  • Over 200 permissions, which can be:
    • System-wide (global)
    • by item (object)
    • by category (workspaces)

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Wiki engine

  • Powerful wiki syntax
  • Powerful version history and diff engine
  • Book and table of content
  • Email notification of changes
  • Advanced plugins
  • Advanced translation synchronization

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Tracker & form generator & reports

  • Create custom application
  • Bug tracker, application forms, contact forms, etc.
  • Can create reports in wiki pages
  • Multilingual
  • Can link to other trackers
  • 20+ field types
    • text field, text area, checkbox, numeric field, drop down, radio buttons, user selector, date and time, image, category, email, auto-increment, Google Maps, computed field, attachment, etc.

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Calendars

  • Several calendars
  • iCal
  • Recurring events
  • RSS feeds
  • Distinct permissions

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Blog & news articles

  • Several blogs
  • Topics
  • Tags & categories
  • RSS feeds
  • Permissions
  • Can use wiki syntax

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Spreadsheet

  • Formulas
  • Charts
  • Version history
  • Can use wiki syntax in calls
  • Can embed sheets & charts anywhere in Tiki

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Slideshow

  • You can currently watching it!
  • Made from wiki pages
  • Slide notes, for a second screen
  • Timer
  • Uses S5 standard

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Discussion forums

  • Threaded or flat forums
  • Mailing list integration
  • Can use wiki syntax
  • File Attachment
  • Email notification of replies

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File & image galleries

  • Hierarchical galleries
  • Check-in/Check-out/lock
  • Categories for files
  • Permissions
  • Watch (notification of change by email)
  • WebDAV support

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Drawings

  • Vector drawing
  • Shapes & lines
  • Stored in SVG
  • Integrates SVG-edit (JavaScript)

Tiki

Screencapture and Screencast

  • Select screen area
  • Capture screenshot as PNG, JPG, etc.
  • Record video
    • Audio from microphone
    • Pause during the recording
    • Play before upload
    • Post-recording editor to remove frames
    • Pick splash frame
    • Generates a .swf file
  • Integrates jCapture applet

Multilingual

  • Translated to 40+ languages
  • Wiki has awesome i18n change tracking
  • Wiki-translation.com

The Tiki model

  • Wiki community
  • Wiki way participation to the code
  • All-in-one codebase
    • Inherent synchronized releases
  • Lots of features, but no duplication
  • Dogfood
  • Scheduled releases (twice per year)
    • LTS every 3 releases, with 5 year support


tiki.org/Model

Benefits & challenges

Offers benefits

  • Tons of features, without duplication, excellent code re-use and code review, more collaboration, tight integration, easy upgrades, excellent interaction between features, etc.
  • Permits huge changes between versions because we don't have to worry about breaking 3rd party extensions.

But does bring challenges

  • Huge code base to maintain.
  • Admin panels
    • hundreds of features
    • with a total of over 1200 settings/options! (we had to add a search!)
  • Learning curve: 1200+ pages of documentation
  • What should be sensible defaults?

Why this evolution?

  • Tiki: the Open Source Web App with most built-in features
  • Tiki is PHP / MySQL / Zend Framework / Smarty / jQuery
  • But starting to be limited by its technology (PHP/MySQL/JavaScript on shared hosting) to address all the needs. Some functionality, like video management, doesn't make sense in PHP/MySQL.

Use case

  • 10 to 100 employees
  • External consultants, partners & volunteers
  • Multilingual, distributed & mobile work force
  • Knowledge workers
  • CMS / Portal / Blog / Publishing
  • Intranet / Extranet / Collaboration / Document Management / Wiki / Groupware / Project Management / Forms / Framework
  • CRM / Customer support / Social Networking
  • E-Commerce / ERP / Accounting
  • Online training / tech support / Issue tracker
  • Web conferencing / chat / telephony
  • Etc.

This represents millions of organizations

Challenges of IT systems

  • Multiple systems
  • Diverse needs
  • Desktop centric
  • Difficult to do tech support
  • Interoperability is very difficult

Zawinski's Law

  • Zawinski's Law of Software Envelopment (also known as Zawinski's Law) relates the pressure of popularity to the phenomenon of software bloat.
  • "Every program attempts to expand until it can read mail. Those programs which cannot so expand are replaced by ones which can."


Coping with Zawinski's Law: When planes crash, do we blame gravity? We must cope with this! Even if you don't like a law, it doesn't mean it doesn't apply :-)

  • 37 signals in the book "Getting Real" : "Goodbye to bloat. Simple, focused software that does just what you need and nothing you don't"
  • In an Community Open Source project, it'll be difficult to get consensus on what is "needed" and what is bloat.

Intertwingularity

  • EVERYTHING IS DEEPLY INTERTWINGLED. In an important sense there are no "subjects" at all; there is only all knowledge, since the cross-connections among the myriad topics of this world simply cannot be divided up neatly.
  • Hierarchical and sequential structures, especially popular since Gutenberg, are usually forced and artificial. Intertwingularity is not generally acknowledged—people keep pretending they can make things hierarchical, categorizable and sequential when they can't. --Ted Nelson

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intertwingularity
shirky.com/writings/ontology_overrated.html

Overlap & interoperability

  • Best of breed vs. suites vs. feature bloat
  • While Ted Nelson coined "Intertwingularity" to express the "complexity of interrelations in human knowledge", it's the same problem for software. There will always be overlap.
  • Apple controls both the hardware and the software which make it much simpler (drivers, UI, etc.)
  • Every app claims interoperability (ex.: via open standards)
    • It's very hard! Even within apps of a same publisher!

Trend to suites

  • Because of Zawinksi's law, intertwingularity and the progressive move to Web Applications, more & more apps and SaaS will offer "everything".
  • "It's best to do one thing really, really well." –Google
  • Google started just with search. And now? :-)

SaaS

  • A number of companies are offering (or will one day offer) "manage your organization in the cloud"
  • Google Apps, Zoho, NetSuite, Salesforce, Microsoft, SAP, IBM, Apple, Facebook, Oracle, Yahoo!, etc.
  • Interoperability will remain a challenge.
  • If you want to use FOSS, there are no readily available complete solutions. You need to make you own "cocktail" of applications.

Second half of the Chessboard


The more features / systems there are, the more interoperability is desired / needed and the complexity increases faster and faster. How can we keep the complexity level on first half of chessboard?

Also see:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combinatorial_explosion

The delicate balance

  • "Make things as simple as possible, but not simpler" --Albert Einstein
  • Use as few apps as possible, but as many as needed. Bonus points to all-in-one apps and libs that maintain the interoperability of their components (ex.: BigBlueButton, Zend Framework)
  • As technology evolves, push things to the browser (ex.: spellchecker, HTML5, jQuery)

Linux Kernel

"In later discussions Torvalds explained the reasons for its choice: a fully modular architecture, like the one adopted for HURD, would have posed problems to a degree of complexity that it could have compromised the accomplishment of the project. To avoid such risks and keep the degree of complexity of the project as low as possible, Torvalds decided to design a monolith and he actually wrote all the architectural specs himself, avoiding all the problems related to collective projects (e.g. division of labor, coordination, communication). On the other hand, the HURD micro–kernel, a project in direct competition with the Linux kernel, has paid for the choice of pursuing a fully modular approach from the beginning in terms of the continuous delays that have plagued its development. Nowadays, it is still under active development and still lacks the stability and performance assured by the Linux kernel."

Source: Modular Design and the Development of Complex Artifacts:
Lessons from Free/Open Source Software by A. Narduzzo & A. Rossi

CMF approach

  • Some content management frameworks offer a common platform with thousands of extensions, which you pick & tailor to your needs.
  • Better than "best of breed approach", but still suffers from "Combinatorial explosion" for interoperability. Drupal: 7500 modules Joomla!: 7000 extensions Almost each install with have a different combination of modules and versions. In Tiki, the code base is identical, and only the preferences configuration differs.
  • Distributions are helpful here. However, "Paradox of choice" for extensions (compatibility and abandoned modules, upgrade difficulties, etc) leads to a 2-3 year release cycle for the core, which is too slow.

Tiki NIH Syndrome?

"Not Invented Here (NIH) is a term used to describe persistent social, corporate or institutional culture that avoids using or buying already existing products, research or knowledge because of their external origins. It is normally used in a pejorative sense, and may be considered an anti-pattern." Source: Wikipedia

Half of the code in Tiki comes from other projects!

  • Zend Framework, including Zend_Search_Lucene
  • jQuery & jQuery UI javascript library
  • jQuery Mobile
  • Bootstrap (coming in Tiki13)
  • Smarty template engine
  • CKEditor WYSIWYG
  • Simile widgets (timeline)
  • SWF upload
  • HTML Purifier
  • SVG-edit drawings
  • jquery.sheet spreadsheet
  • jquery.s5 slideshow
  • Raphaël graphics & charts
  • Mobile ESP (mobile device detection)
  • OpenLayers maps
  • CodeMirror Syntax highlighting
  • Minify library
  • NuSOAP
  • Some Pear and Zeta libs (Pear-Auth, XMLRPC, Net_LDAP2, WebDAV, etc.)
  • phpCAS
  • Many more…


dev.tiki.org/Source+Lines+of+Code

Tiki interoperability

  • BigBlueButton Web conferencing
  • OPcache, XCache, Memcached and APC
  • R (statistics & maths for any science)
  • GD & ImageMagick
  • Zotero (references)
  • OpenLayers (OpenStreetMaps, MapServer and GoogleMaps)
  • Cclite (community currency)
  • PayPal
  • Various authentication (phpBB, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, OpenID, etc.)
  • Subversion
  • Kaltura video platform
  • 40+ examples at http://doc.tiki.org/Interoperability

What is status of Tiki Suite?

  • The good: Each component is fantastic and Tiki already integrates with many of them (BigBlueButton, Kaltura, etc.)
  • The bad: It's still a manual process to assemble all the parts of the Suite
  • The ugly: Only some parts have Tiki Suite have been deployed so far (testers needed!)

How to pick apps?

  • This is a long-term strategic decision
  • Sound architecture/technology?
  • Compatible license?
  • Compatible community model?
  • Active community?
  • Same programming languages as us?
  • Is SaaS available?
  • Will project doing well in 5-10 years?


http://suite.tiki.org/Tiki+Suite+Component+critera

Ohloh.net

  • Best place to discover & analyze open source software
  • Compare software by tag, check activity level, number of contributors, recent commits, code analysis
  • Users add software to their "stacks"

ClearOS

Backed by the ClearFoundation

  • OpenLDAP
  • Firewall, VPN, etc.
  • License: By component, all OSI

Zarafa

  • Mail
  • Webmail
  • Address book
  • Calendar
  • License: AGPL

BigBlueButton

  • Audio-Video-Chat-Screensharing-Whiteboard
  • Record & playback
  • Flash front end. Composed of a dozen Open Source components (Asterisk/Freeswitch, Red5, Java, Tomcat, etc.). Android client
  • Deployed as an Ubuntu Server appliance.
  • License: LGPL
  • Integrated with Tiki
  • HTML5 version in development, supported by Mozilla

sipXecs

  • Voice
  • Video
  • Presence
  • Instance Messaging
  • XMPP & SIP
  • FreeSWITCH
  • License: AGPL

Kaltura video platforrm

  • Full-featured platform
  • Recording from webcam
  • Handles transcoding
  • HTML5 player
  • Ubuntu Server Appliance
  • License: AGPL
  • SaaS available.
  • Basic integration with Tiki (SSO)

Clipperz

  • HTML & JavaScript password management
  • One click-login
  • Offline version (one HTML/JS file!)
  • All encryption is done client-side
  • zero-knowledge web application
  • Free SaaS or self-hosted
  • PHP / JavaScript / MySQL AGPL
  • Missing group management

Piwik

  • PHP/MySQL Web analytics GPL
  • Easy to integrate, nice feature set, nice UI.
  • There is a mobile client


Open Web Analytics is an alternative (PHP/MySQL) GPL

ElasticSearch

  • Search
  • Analytics
  • Natural Language Processing (More Like This, etc.)
  • Super fast & scalable
  • Easy to deploy
  • Already integrated with Tiki

Client software

  • Any modern Web browser
  • Take advantage of HTML5 anytime possible
  • Used to connect to BigblueButton, Kaltura, Tiki, etc.

Thunderbird

  • Offline email, etc.
  • Connect to OpenLDAP (which is part of ClearOS) for the address book.
  • Platforms: Windows, Mac, Linux

Cyberduck

  • FTP, SFTP, WebDAV for Mac & Windows
  • WebDAV client for double-click access to files stored in Tiki
  • GPL

Jitsi

Jitsi (previously SIP Communicator) is a cross-platform VOIP, videoconference, desktop sharing and chat client.

Protocols supported include SIP, XMPP/Google Talk/Jabber/Facebook chat, AIM/ICQ, Windows Live, Yahoo! Messenger and Bonjour.

Other features include: Call recording, Call & chat encryption, Noise suppression, Echo cancellation, File transfer, multi-user chat, Desktop streaming, Presence, Conference calls, Integration with Microsoft Outlook and Apple Address Book, Support for LDAP directories, Support for Google Contacts, On-line provisioning, Systray notifications, IPv6 support, Spell checker and many more.

License: LGPL
http://jitsi.org
Will also act as System tray notifier (receive alerts, etc.)

Platforms: Windows, Mac, Linux, Android

Mobile

  • Support for mobile browsers (via jQuery Mobile for Tiki and ClearOS features. Next version: Bootstrap)
  • BigBlueButton client for Android (HTML5 in the works)
  • Piwik client for Android and iOs
  • WebODF will permits minor edits of ODF documents
  • Any missing features will progressively be added

Roadmap

  • All major components are picked. Get communities collaborating.
  • Compatibility challenges are discovered (workaround, fix, etc.) Ex.: Piwik & Clipperz conflict!
  • First a recipe, then a scripted install and eventually a Tiki Suite Appliance (replace our current live Tiki CD)
  • http://suite.tiki.org/Tiki+Suite+Roadmap

Questions?

Tiki Suite: suite.tiki.org
The Tiki model: tiki.org/Model
http://marclaporte.com/Contact

Todo

Improve look

This is a good example: http://ueb.vhir.org/show:2012-05-04%20Xavier%20de%20Pedro%20Tiki%20Seminar#s3

  • Add more images to this slideshow
  • Videos should float right like images

Contributors to this page: Marc Laporte .
Page last modified on Monday 09 December, 2013 08:57:26 UTC by Marc Laporte.

Keywords

The following is a list of keywords that should serve as hubs for navigation within the Tiki development and should correspond to documentation keywords.

Each feature in Tiki has a wiki page which regroups all the bugs, requests for enhancements, etc. It is somewhat a form of wiki-based project management. You can also express your interest in a feature by adding it to your profile. You can also try out the Dynamic filter.

Accessibility (WAI & 508)
Accounting 7.x
Administration
Ajax 2.x
Articles & Submissions
Backlinks
Banner
Batch 6.x
BigBlueButton audio/video/chat/screensharing (5.x)
Blog
Bookmark
Browser Compatibility
Calendar
Category
Chat
Comment
Communication Center
Consistency
Contacts Address book
Contact us
Content template
Contribution 2.x
Cookie
Copyright
Credits 6.x
Custom Home (and Group Home Page)
Database MySQL - MyISAM
Database MySQL - InnoDB
Date and Time
Debugger Console
Directory (of hyperlinks)
Documentation link from Tiki to doc.tiki.org (Help System)
Docs 8.x
DogFood
Draw 7.x
Dynamic Content
Preferences
Dynamic Variable
External Authentication
FAQ
Featured links
Feeds (RSS)
File Gallery
Forum
Friendship Network (Community)
Group
Help
History
Hotword
HTML Page
i18n (Multilingual, l10n, Babelfish)
Image Gallery
Import-Export
Install
Integrator
Interoperability
Inter-User Messages
InterTiki
jQuery
Kaltura video management
Karma
Live Support
Logs (system & action)
Lost edit protection
Mail-in
Map
Menu
Meta Tag
Missing features
Visual Mapping 3.x
Mobile Tiki and Voice Tiki
Mods
Modules
MultiTiki
MyTiki
Newsletter
Notepad
OS independence (Non-Linux, Windows/IIS, Mac, BSD)
Organic Groups (Self-managed Teams)
Payment 5.x
PDF
Performance Speed / Load / Compression / Cache
Permission
Poll
Profiles
Quiz
Rating
Realname
Report
Revision Approval
Score
Search engine optimization (SEO)
Search
Security
Semantic links 3.x
Share
Shopping Cart 5.x
Shoutbox
Site Identity
Slideshow
Smarty Template
Social Networking
Spam protection (Anti-bot CATPCHA)
Spellcheck
Spreadsheet
Staging and Approval
Stats
Survey
Syntax Highlighter (Codemirror)
Tablesorter
Tags 2.x
Task
Tell a Friend, alert + Social Bookmarking
Terms and Conditions
Theme
TikiTests 2.x
Timesheet
Token Access
Toolbar (Quicktags)
Tours
Trackers
TRIM
User Administration
User Files
User Menu
Watch
WebHelp
Webmail and Groupmail
WebServices 3.x
Wiki 3D
Wiki History, page rename, etc
Wiki plugins extends basic syntax
Wiki syntax text area, parser, etc
Wiki structure (book and table of content)
Workspace and perspectives 4.x
WYSIWTSN 4.x
WYSIWYCA
WYSIWYG 2.x
XMLRPC




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