• With FTP, you upload / edit replace software files manually. If you edit a file, and later upgrade your site, you will lose your customization.
  • With Git, each software file is tracked, including any edits to the files. And thus, your changes are merged into the update.


Context: you are taking over a Tiki site that was installed by FTP, and you now want to use Git for easy future upgrades. You may also have some modified files, and via FTP, it's time-consuming to manage this.

Example


In this example we will turn an FTP tiki 20.x instance (which is tagged as such in Git) managed by Git.

We assume you are familiar with Get code.

  • website: http://tikiconvert.docker/
  • document root: /var/www/virtual/tikiconvert.docker/html

First backup your things


1. Create a folder to place your backups

cd /var/www/virtual/tikiconvert.docker/
mkdir backup


2. Backup your database

eval $(sed -n '/^\$/s/^\$//p' html/db/local.php)
mysqldump -u$user_tiki           \
          -p$pass_tiki           \
          -h$host_tiki $dbs_tiki \
    | gzip > backup/$dbversion_tiki.sql.gz


3. Backup your current folder

tar -czvf backup/html.tar.gz html


Checkout the same version as your current Tiki install

checkout Tiki 20.x to folder newinstall
git clone git@gitlab.com:tikiwiki/tiki.git -b 20.x newinstall


To reduce disk space, you can add the following parameter to the command above (before newinstall):
--depth 1 --no-single-branch

If you have a specific version like for example 20.0

checkout Tiki 20.0 tag
git checkout tags/20.0


If you're experiencing issues in git clone, you can use https://gitlab.com/tikiwiki/tiki.git instead of git@gitlab.com:tikiwiki/tiki.git.


List of all branches
List of all tags

Copy your old site over the fresh Git checkout


Now copy your old site over the new install, if there are any modified or new files, they will override the ones of your checkout (the working copy but not the reference files in .git/ folders).

cp -a html/. newinstall/


Check for differences

git status newinstall
git diff newinstall


If Git shows modified files, you should solve that before continuing.
If you are experiencing problems with files permissions you can disable git from checking permissions.

git config core.fileMode false

Launch new instance

cd /var/www/virtual/tikiconvert.docker
mv html old && mv newinstall html


Test and remove old folder


Browse your website and check features you use are ok, after that remove old folder, but stick with your backup!

rm -Rf old